Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning XII – 2017

11-16 June 2017, Aranjuez (Madrid), Spain


The decreasing price of oil and the increasing cost of energy force engineers to continuously face the challenges of designing highly effective equipment, developing innovative enhancements for heat transfer, and reducing equipment size, mass and cost. These challenges are compounded by the need to always pay attention to the fouling propensity of the heat transfer equipment. In order to compensate for the diminished performance of fouled heat exchangers and to reduce down-time for cleaning, the heat transfer area is often overdesigned by up to 200%, which by itself may increase the severity of the fouling problem. Fouling and corrosion, being the major engineering challenge in heat exchanger design and operation, cost the industry billions of dollars each year in lost production, higher energy requirements, additional maintenance cost. Continued research is critical. Whether the work relates to compact heat transfer equipment, surface modifications for reduced deposition, cleaning of equipment or predictive maintenance for optimized operation, it is important that the related R&D community, academic or industrial, is provided a platform to facilitate innovative thinking and to explore new theoretical and practical approaches.

Since 1995, international conferences on heat exchanger fouling and cleaning have been organized by Hans Müller-Steinhagen, Paul Watkinson, and Reza Malayeri in bi-yearly intervals. In 2017, it was my honor to take over the chair of this series and together with a team of colleagues and the Scientific Committee be responsible to organize the 12th conference. These meetings provide a unique opportunity for experts from industry, academia and government research centers from around the world to present their latest research findings and technological developments in the areas of fouling mitigation and cleaning technologies. The meetings consist of overview presentations, technical papers, poster sessions, and panel discussions. Following the highly successful meetings in San Luis Obispo, USA (1995), Lucca, Italy (1997), Banff, Canada (1999), Davos, Switzerland (2001), Santa Fé, USA (2003), Kloster Irsee, Germany (2005), Tomar, Portugal (2007), Schladming, Austria (2009), Crete Island, Greece (2011), Budapest, Hungary (2013), Enfield (Dublin), Ireland (2015), the 12th conference in this series was held in Aranjuez, Spain (2017).

The following papers have been presented and recommended for publication in the conference e-proceedings after a careful revision process. The proceedings cover many aspects of heat exchanger fouling along with innovative state-of-the-art fouling mitigation and cleaning strategies. The editors wish to thank everyone who contributed to the conference and the post-conference e-proceedings, i.e.

  • all the authors and participants who invested substantial efforts to produce high-quality papers and to attend the conference;
  • the session chairpersons, who ensured the presenters were introduced and encouraged productive discussions;
  • the scientific committee and technical reviewers who helped to improve the quality of these papers even more by providing valuable and helpful comments;
  • the team who worked behind the scenes to organize and run the conference and proceedings;
  • the conference sponsors; and
  • the previous team of Conference Chairmen and Co-Chairmen for keeping the conference going for all these years and for entrusting us to continue this successful arrangement into the future.


Hans U. Zettler
Heat Transfer Research, Inc. (USA)

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(PDF documents)


Table of Contents



  1. Evaluation and Prediction of the Thermal and Hydraulic Impact of Crude Oil Fouling on Exchanger Performance Using Pressure Measurements
    K.S. Chunangad, R.Y. Chang and R.P. Casebolt
  2. Quantifying Implications of Deposit Aging from Crude Refinery Preheat Train Data
    E.M. Ishiyama, E.S. Falkeman, D.I. Wilson and S.J. Pugh
  3. Translating Crude Oil Fouling Testing Rig Data to the Field: A Road Map for Future Research
    A.D. Smith, E.M. Ishiyama, J.S. Harris, and M.R. Lane


  1. Effects of Temperature Conditions and Heat Treatment within a Multiple Effect Evaporator on Thin Stillage Fouling Characteristics
    B.Y. Zhang, D.B. Johnston, N.J. Engeseth, B.S. Dien, V. Singh, M.E. Tumbleson and K.D. Rausch
  2. Fouling in a Steam Cracker Convection Section Part 1: A Hybrid CFD-1D Model to Obtain Accurate Tube Wall Temperature Profiles
    P. Verhees, A.R. Akhras, K.M. Van Geem and G.J. Heynderickx


  1. Calcium Phosphate Scale Formation in Power Station Condensers Fed by Cooling Towers: A Case of When not to Use Scaling Indices
    D. Hawthorn and D.I. Wilson


  1. A Novel Fouling Cell to Study Influence of Solution on Crystallisation Fouling
    P. Besevic, S.M. Clarke, G. Kawaley and D.I. Wilson
  2. Effect of Silica on Deposition and Ageing of Calcium Carbonate Fouling Layers
    P. Besevic, S.M. Clarke, G. Kawaley and D.I. Wilson
  3. Impact of Crystallization Fouling on the Moisture Transfer Resistance of a Liquid-To-Air Membrane Energy Exchanger
    A.O. Olufade and C.J. Simonson
  4. Measuring Local Crystallization Fouling in a Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger
    F. Schlüter, L. Schnöing, H. Zettler, W. Augustin and S. Scholl


  1. A New and Novel Abiotic-Biotic Fouling Sensor for Aqueous Systems
    P. Bierganns, E.S. Beardwood
  2. Interaction of E. Coli and Autochthonous River Water Microorganisms with Polymers in Heat Transfer Applications
    S. Pohl, M. Madzgalla, W. Manz and H.-J. Bart
  3. Understanding Protein Fouling by Resorting to Meso-Scale Modeling
    R. Qiu, J. Xiao and X.D. Chen


  1. Continuous Monitoring of Whey Protein Fouling Using a Non-Intrusive Sensor
    L. Bouvier, G. Delaplace and S. Lalot


  1. Fouling Mitigation Using Estimated Fouling Layer Thickness in Finned Tube Heat Exchanger
    T. Kuwahara
  2. Industrial Perspective on Fouling Research – Fouling Mitigation through Modifications of Heat Transfer Surfaces
    L. Jackowski, T.Y. Lam, E. Rogel, C. A. Bennett, K. Hench, S. Taylor, and T. Swangphol
  3. Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Geometry Modification: An Efficient Way To Mitigate Fouling
    A. Chambon, Z. Anxionnaz-Minvielle, G. Cwicklinski, N. Guintrand, A. Buffet and B. Vinet
  4. The Impact of Fouling on the Optimal Design of a Heat Exchanger Network: An Industrial Case Study
    E. Diaz-Bejarano, M. Yugo Santos, Manolo García Dopico, L. Lanchas-Fuentes and F. Coletti


  1. A Fouling Micro-System for Investigating Fluoropolymer Anti-Fouling Coatings In Bovine Milk Pasteurization
    O.M. Magens, J. Hofmans and D.I. Wilson
  2. A Holistic Approach to Heat Exchanger Plate Surface Design
    J. Lebga-Nebane and S. Chizen
  3. Crystallization Fouling on Modified Heat Exchanger Surfaces
    M. Riihimäki, T.M. Pääkkönen, J. Guillot, E. Lecoq, E. Muurinen, C.J. Simonson and R.L. Keiski
  4. Development of Thin Sol-Gel Coatings for Heat Exchanger Fouling Mitigation at Elevated Temperatures
    C. Bischoff, R. Losada, T. Poulsen, L. Jackowski and S. Taylor
  5. Experimental Analysis of Soot Particle Fouling on EGR Heat Exchangers: Effect of Velocity on the Deposited Particle Size Distribution
    C. Paz, E. Suárez, M. Concheiro, and J. Vence
  6. Fouling-Release Coatings for Steam Condensers in Thermal Power Plants
    S. Holberg and R. Losada
  7. Inhibition of Fouling with Titania and Silica Coatings on Plate Heat Exchanger in 80℃ Simulated Geothermal Water
    F. Zhang, M.Y. Liu, and W.D. Zhou
  8. Progress Update Bioinspired Anti-Adhesive Surfaces
    S. Mulansky, M. Saballus and E. Boschke
  9. Suitability of Thin Ceramic Coatings Towards Scale Reduction in Heat Exchangers
    O. Santos, M. Nilsson, A.H. Jensen and A.B. Christiansen
  10. Thermo-Hydraulic Analysis of Structured Heat Transfer Surfaces Under Consideration of Particulate Fouling Using A Multiphase Eulerian-Lagrangian Method
    R. Kasper, J. Turnow and N. Kornev


  1. Crude Oil Fouling Mitigation Using Internally Finned Tubes
    H.M. Joshi, T. Lang, J. El Hajal, and A.D. Smith
  2. Energy savings from the Automatic Tube Cleaning System (ATCS)
    D.P. Ross, P.A. Cirtog, Z. Cuckovic, G. Bridges, M. Crocker and C. Dir
  3. Fluid Dynamic Gauging for Pulsed Flow Cleaning
    N. Gottschalk, S. Foisel, F. Schlüter, W. Augustin and S. Scholl
  4. Improved Methods for Removal of Silicate Deposits
    T.R. McCartney, S. Gharaibeh, and R. Shank
  5. Mechanical Online System for Cleaning Heat Exchanger Tubes by Sponge Rubber Balls (TAPROGGE-System)
    R. Kleinebrahm
  6. Prediction of Cleaning by Means of Computational Fluid Dynamics: Implication of the Pre-Wetting of a Swellable Soil
    M. Joppa, H. Köhler, F. Rüdiger, J.-P. Majschak and J. Fröhlich
  7. The Custom Design and Fabrication of a Condenser Automatic Tube Cleaning System for Dominion Power
    D.P. Ross, P.A. Cirtog, M. Crocker and C. Dirks


  1. Design of a Cooled Fouling Probe to Investigate Scaling Mechanisms from the Aluminum Production Off-Gas
    D.P. Clos, H. Gaertner, P. Nekså, S.G. Johnsen, R.E. Aune


  1. Effect of Flow Distribution in Parallel Heat Exchanger Networks: Use of Thermo-Hydraulic Channeling Model in Refinery Operation
    E.M. Ishiyama and S.J. Pugh


  1. Development of a CFD Model for Predicting Fouling Process Using Dynamic Mesh Model
    C. Paz, E. Suarez, M. Conde, and J. Vence
  2. The Role of Binary Mixtures of Particles on Air-Side Fouling of Compact Heat Exchangers
    R. Haghighi-Khoshkhoo and F.M.J. McCluskey


  1. Concentration of Extraction Liquids of Traditional Chinese Medicines in an Industrial Scale Fluidized Bed Evaporator
    M.Y. Liu, N.S. Ling, J. Zheng, Y.G. Fan, H.H. Zhang, Z.X. Li, Y. Ma, D.L. Li, X.P. Xu, Y. Wang, X.L. Li
  2. Fluidized Bed Heat Exchangers for the Evaporation of Waste Waters: Design Advantages and Operational Experiences
    M. Cancela Vallespin, P. Kedia and M.C. van Beek
  3. Horizontal Shell Side Fluidized Bed Heat Exchanger, Design Considerations and Experiences from a Pilot Unit
    M.C. van Beek, M. Cancela Vallespin
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